Joseph Larmor

Joseph Larmor
Joseph Larmor.jpeg
Date personale
Născut[4][5][6][7] Modificați la Wikidata
Belfast, Regatul Unit al Marii Britanii și Irlandei Modificați la Wikidata
Decedat (84 de ani)[8][4][5][6] Modificați la Wikidata
Holywood⁠(d), Irlanda de Nord, Regatul Unit Modificați la Wikidata
Înmormântat Holywood Priory[*][[Holywood Priory |​]] Modificați la Wikidata
CetățenieFlag of the United Kingdom.svg Regatul Unit
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Regatul Unit al Marii Britanii și Irlandei Modificați la Wikidata
Ocupațiematematician
fizician
politician
profesor universitar[*] Modificați la Wikidata
Locul desfășurării activitățiiLondra Modificați la Wikidata
Activitate
Domeniufizică  Modificați la Wikidata
InstituțieUniversitatea Cambridge[1]
Universitatea Națională Irlandeză din Galway[*][1]  Modificați la Wikidata
Alma Mater St John's College[*][[St John's College (Constituent college of the University of Cambridge)|​]][1]
Queen's University Belfast[*][[Queen's University Belfast (public research university in Belfast, United Kingdom)|​]][1]
Universitatea Cambridge[2]  Modificați la Wikidata
OrganizațiiSocietatea Regală din Londra
Academia Americană de Arte și Științe[*]
Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei
Academia Națională de Științe a Statelor Unite ale Americii[*]  Modificați la Wikidata
Conducător de doctorat Edward Routh[*][[Edward Routh (matematician britanic)|​]]  Modificați la Wikidata
DoctoranziSydney Chapman[2]
Robert Schlapp[*][[Robert Schlapp (548*)|​]][2]
Kwan-ichi Terazawa[*][[Kwan-ichi Terazawa (matematician japonez)|​]][2]
David Burnett[*][[David Burnett (Ph.D. University of Cambridge 1930)|​]][2]  Modificați la Wikidata
Cunoscut pentru Larmor precession[*][[Larmor precession (Physical phenomenon)|​]]
gyroradius[*][[gyroradius (radius of the circular movement of an electrically charged particle in a magnetic field)|​]]
Larmor formula[*][[Larmor formula (formula used to calculate the total power radiated by a non relativistic point charge as it accelerates)|​]]
Q10380298[*]  Modificați la Wikidata
PremiiMembru al Societății Regale[*] ()
Medalia Copley ()[3]
Royal Medal ()
Premiul Poncelet[*] ()
De Morgan Medal[*][[De Morgan Medal (most prestigious award of the London Mathematical Society)|​]] ()
premiul Smith[*] ()
Bakerian Lecture[*][[Bakerian Lecture (one of the premier medals of the Royal Society that recognizes exceptional and outstanding science)|​]] ()
premiul Adams[*] ()
Knight Bachelor[*][[Knight Bachelor (title granted to a man who has been knighted by the British monarch but not inducted as a member of one of the organised orders of chivalry)|​]] ()
Doctor of Civil Law[*][[Doctor of Civil Law (university conferred law degree or awarded honorary doctorate)|​]] ()
Doctor of Science[*][[Doctor of Science (doctoral academic research degree)|​]]
Legum Doctor[*][[Legum Doctor (university conferred law degree or awarded honorary doctorate)|​]]  Modificați la Wikidata

Joseph Larmor (n. ,[4][5][6][7] Belfast, Regatul Unit al Marii Britanii și Irlandei – d. ,[8][4][5][6] Holywood⁠(d), Irlanda de Nord, Regatul Unit) a fost un fizician britanic cu contribuții in electromagnetism.

OpereModificare

  • 1887, "On the direct applications of first principles in the theory of partial differential equations," Proceedings of the Royal Society.
  • 1891, "On the theory of electrodynamics," Proceedings of the Royal Society.
  • 1892, "On the theory of electrodynamics, as affected by the nature of the mechanical stresses in excited dielectrics," Proceedings of the Royal Society.
  • 1893-97, "Dynamical Theory of the Electric and Luminiferous Medium," Proceedings of the Royal Society; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Series of 3 papers containing Larmor's physical theory of the universe.
  • 1894, "Least action as the fundamental formulation in dynamics and physics," Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society.
  • 1896, "The influence of a magnetic field on radiation frequency," Proceedings of the Royal Society.
  • 1896, "On the absolute minimum of optical deviation by a prism," Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society.
  • Larmor, J. (), „On a Dynamical Theory of the Electric and Luminiferous Medium, Part 3, Relations with material media”, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 190: 205–300, doi:10.1098/rsta.1897.0020 ; Containing the Lorentz transformations on p. 229.
  • 1898, "Note on the complete scheme of electrodynamic equations of a moving material medium, and electrostriction," Proceedings of the Royal Society.
  • 1898, "On the origin of magneto-optic rotation," Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society.
  • Larmor, J. (), Aether and Matter, Cambridge University Press ; Containing the Lorentz transformations on p. 174.
  • 1903, "On the electrodynamic and thermal relations of energy of magnetisation," Proceedings of the Royal Society.
  • 1907, "Aether" in Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed. London.
  • 1908, "William Thomson, Baron Kelvin of Largs. 1824-1907" (Obituary). Proceedings of the Royal Society.
  • 1924, "On Editing Newton," Nature.
  • 1927, "Newtonian time essential to astronomy," Nature.
  • 1929, "Mathematical and Physical Papers. Cambridge Univ. Press.

Larmor a supervizat publicarea lucrărilor complete ale lui George Stokes, James Thomson și William Thomson.

NoteModificare

  1. ^ a b c d MacTutor History of Mathematics archive 
  2. ^ a b c d e Genealogia matematicienilor 
  3. ^ Award winners : Copley Medal (în engleză), Societatea Regală din Londra, accesat în  
  4. ^ a b c d Autoritatea BnF, accesat în  
  5. ^ a b c d MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, accesat în  
  6. ^ a b c d Sir Joseph Larmor, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, accesat în  
  7. ^ a b Joseph Larmor, SNAC, accesat în  
  8. ^ a b Лармор Джозеф, Marea Enciclopedie Sovietică (1969–1978)[*] 

BibliografieModificare

  • Macrossan, M. N. "A note on relativity before Einstein", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 37 (1986): 232-234.
  • Warwick, Andrew, "On the Role of the FitzGerald-Lorentz Contraction Hypothesis in the Development of Joseph Larmor's Electronic Theory of Matter". Archive for History of Exact Sciences 43 (1991): 29-91.
  • Darrigol, O. (), „The Electron Theories of Larmor and Lorentz: A Comparative Study”, Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 24: 265–336 

Legături externeModificare