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Frederik Pohl

Frederik George Pohl, Jr. (26 noiembrie 19192 septembrie 2013) a fost un scriitor american de literatură științifico-fantastică, editor și fan, cu o carieră de peste 70 de ani. A câștigat National Book Award în 1980 cu romanul Jem. Alte romane cunoscute sunt The Space Merchants (co-autor Cyril M. Kornbluth) și Poarta.

Între anii 1959 și 1969, Pohl a fost editorul revistelor Galaxy și if, câștigând premiul Hugo pentru aceasta din urmă trei ani la rând. Operele sale i-au adus și ele patru premii Hugo și numeroase premii Nebula. În 1993 a fost desemnat SFWA Grand Master.

În 2010, Pohl a câștigat premiul Hugo pentru "Best Fan Writer",[1] pe baza celor scrise pe blogul său, "The Way the Future Blogs".

BibliografieModificare

SeriiModificare

Trilogia Undersea (cu Jack Williamson)Modificare

  1. Undersea Quest (1954)
  2. Undersea Fleet (1956)
  3. Undersea City (1958)

HeecheeModificare

  1. Gateway (1977) - premiul Nebula, 1977;[2] premiile Hugo, Campbell și Locus SF, 1978 [3]
ro. Poarta - editura Pygmalion 1996 și editura Nemira 2008, traducere Mihai-Dan Pavelescu
  1. Beyond the Blue Event Horizon (1980) - nominalizat la premiile Nebula și British SF, 1980; nominalizat la premiile Hugo și Locus, 1981
ro. Dincolo de orizontul albastru - editura Nemira 2009, traducere Mihai-Dan Pavelescu
  1. Heechee Rendezvous (1984) - nominalizat la premiul Locus SF, 1985 [4]
ro. Întâlnire cu Heechee - editura Nemira 2009, traducere Mihai-Dan Pavelescu
  1. Annals of the Heechee (1987)
ro. Consemnările Heechee - editura Nemira 2013, traducere Mihnea Columbeanu
  1. The Gateway Trip (1990)
  2. The Boy Who Would Live Forever: A Novel of Gateway (2004) - nominalizat la premiul Campbell, 2005 [5]

Trilogia EschatonModificare

  1. The Other End of Time (1996)
  2. The Siege of Eternity (1997)
  3. The Far Shore of Time (1999)

MarteModificare

  1. Man Plus (1976) - premiul Nebula, 1976;[6] nominalizat la premiile Hugo, Campbell și Locus, 1977[2]
ro. Proiectul Omul Plus - editura Pygmalion 2003, traducere Florin Mircea Tudor
  1. Mars Plus (1994) (cu Thomas T. Thomas)

Saga of Cuckoo (cu Jack Williamson)Modificare

  1. Farthest Star (1975)
  2. Wall Around A Star (1983)

Trilogia Starchild (cu Jack Williamson)Modificare

  1. The Reefs of Space (1964)
  2. Starchild (1965)
  3. Rogue Star (1969)

Space MerchantsModificare

  1. The Space Merchants (1953) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
ro.: Neguțătorii spațiului[7]
  1. The Merchants' War (1984)
  2. Venus, Inc. (1985) - ediție antologică al celor 2 romane (publicată de SFBC)

Romane independenteModificare

ro.: Era Gladiatorilor[7]
  • Preferred Risk (1955) (cu Lester Del Rey) - publicat ca aparținând lui "Edson McCann" (când Galaxy-Simon și Schuster au considerat că nici un competitor nu era suficient de bun pentru a câștiga concursul inițiat de ei, Pohl și Del Rey au fost rugați să scrie această carte pentru locul întâi)
  • Slave Ship (1956)
  • Presidential Year (1958) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
  • Wolfbane (1959) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
ro.: Semnul Lupului[7]
  • Drunkard's Walk (1960)
ro.: Plimbare de bețiv[7]
  • A Plague of Pythons (1964) - apărut și cu titlul Demon in the Skull
  • The Age of the Pussyfoot (1965)
  • Jem (1979) - nominalizat la premiul Nebula, 1979;[8] nominalizat la premiile Hugo și Locus SF, 1980 [9]
  • The Cool War (1981)
  • Syzygy (1981)
  • Starburst (1982)
  • The Years of the City (1984) - premiul Campbell, 1985 [4] (o culegere de nuvele legate, dintre care două au fost publicate anterior, plus o introducere:
    • "Introduction"
    • "When New York Hit the Fan", 1984 (originală)
    • "The Greening of Bed-Stuy", 1984
    • "The Blister", 1984
    • "Second-Hand Sky", 1984 (originală)
    • "Gwenanda and the Supremes", 1984 (originală)
  • Black Star Rising (1985)
  • The Coming of the Quantum Cats (1986)
  • Terror (1986)
  • Chernobyl (1987)
  • Land's End (1988) (cu Jack Williamson)
  • The Day The Martians Came (1988) - șapte povestiri publicate anterior, plus trei noi și materialul de legătură dintre ele
  • Narabedla Ltd. (1988)
  • Homegoing (1989)
  • The World at the End of Time (1990)
  • Outnumbering the Dead (1990)
  • Stopping at Slowyear (1991)
  • The Singers of Time (1991) (cu Jack Williamson)
  • Mining the Oort (1992)
  • The Voices of Heaven (1994)
  • O Pioneer! (1998)
  • The Last Theorem (2008) (cu Arthur C. Clarke)
ro. Ultima teoremă - editura Nemira 2010
  • All the Lives He Led (2011)

Culegeri de povestiriModificare

  • Alternating Currents (1956)
    • "Happy Birthday, Dear Jesus" (originală)
    • "The Ghost Maker", 1954
    • "Let the Ants Try", 1949
    • "Pythias", 1955
    • "The Mapmakers", 1955
    • "Rafferty’s Reasons", 1955
    • "Target One", 1955
    • "Grandy Devil", 1955
    • "The Tunnel Under the World", 1955
    • "What to Do Until the Analyst Comes [“Everybody’s Happy But Me!”]", 1956
  • The Case Against Tomorrow (1957)
    • "The Midas Plague", 1954
    • "The Census Takers", 1956
    • "The Candle Lighter", 1955
    • "The Celebrated No-Hit Inning", 1956
    • "Wapshot’s Demon", 1956
    • "My Lady Green Sleeves", 1957
  • Tomorrow Times Seven (1959)
    • "The Haunted Corpse", 1957
    • "The Middle of Nowhere", 1955
    • "The Gentle Venusian [“The Gentlest Unpeople”]", 1958
    • "The Day of the Boomer Dukes", 1956
    • "Survival Kit", 1957
    • "The Knights of Arthur", 1958
    • "To See Another Mountain", 1959
  • The Man Who Ate the World (1960)
    • "The Man Who Ate the World", 1956
    • "The Wizards of Pung's Corners", 1959
    • "The Waging of the Peace", 1959
    • "The Snowmen", 1959
    • "The Day the Icicle Works Closed", 1959
  • Turn Left At Thursday (1961)
    • "Mars by Moonlight", 1958
    • "The Richest Man in Levittown [“The Bitterest Pill”]", 1959
    • "The Seven Deadly Virtues", 1958
    • "The Martian in the Attic", 1960
    • "Third Offense", 1958 [apărută inițial sub pseudoniomul Charles Satterfield]
    • "The Hated", 1958
    • "I Plinglot, Who You?", 1959
  • The Wonder Effect (1962) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
    • "Introduction"
    • "Critical Mass", 1962
    • "A Gentle Dying", 1961
    • "Nightmare with Zeppelins", 1958
    • "Best Friend", 1941 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "The World of Myrion Flowers", 1961
    • "Trouble in Time", 1940 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "The Engineer", 1956
    • "Mars-Tube", 1941 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "The Quaker Cannon", 1961
  • The Abominable Earthman (1963)
    • "The Abominable Earthman", 1961
    • "We Never Mention Aunt Nora", 1958 [ca Paul Flehr]
    • "A Life and a Half", 1959
    • "Punch", 1961
    • "The Martian Star-Gazers", 1962
    • "Whatever Counts", 1959
    • "Three Portraits and a Prayer", 1962
  • Digits and Dastards (1966)
    • "The Children of Night", 1964
    • "The Fiend", 1964
    • "Earth Eighteen", 1964
    • "Father of the Stars", 1964
    • "The Five Hells of Orion", 1962
    • "With Redfern on Capella XII", 1965 (ca Charles Satterfield)
    • "How to Count on Your Fingers", 1956
    • "On Binary Digits and Human Habits", 1962
  • The Frederik Pohl Omnibus (1966) [republicată în 1979 ca Survival Kit, o ediție prescurtată]
    • "The Man Who Ate the World", 1956 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "The Seven Deadly Virtues", 1958
    • "The Day the Icicle Works Closed", 1960 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "The Knights of Arthur", 1958
    • "Mars by Moonlight", 1958
    • "The Haunted Corpse", 1957
    • "The Middle of Nowhere", 1955
    • "The Day of the Boomer Dukes", 1956
    • "The Snowmen", 1959 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "The Wizards of Pung’s Corners [seria Jack Tighe]", 1958 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "The Waging of the Peace [seria Jack Tighe]", 1959 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "Survival Kit", 1957
    • "I Plinglot, Who You?", 1959
  • Day Million (1970)
    • "Day Million", 1966
    • "The Deadly Mission of Phineas Snodgrass", 1962
    • "The Day the Martians Came [“The Day After the Day the Martians Came”]", 1967
    • "The Schematic Man", 1969
    • "Small Lords", 1957
    • "Making Love [“Lovemaking”]", 1966
    • "Way Up Yonder", 1959 [ca Charles Satterfield]
    • "Speed Trap", 1967
    • "It’s a Young World", 1941
    • "Under Two Moons", 1965
  • The Gold at the Starbow's End (1972)
    • "The Gold at the Starbow's End", 1972
    • "Sad Solarian Screenwriter Sam", 1972
    • "Call Me Million", 1970
    • "Shaffery among the Immortals", 1972
    • "The Merchants of Venus", 1972 (în seria Heechee)
  • The Best of Frederik Pohl (1975)
    • Introduction: "A Variety of Excellence", de Lester del Rey
    • "The Tunnel Under the World", 1954
    • "Punch", 1961
    • "Three Portraits and a Prayer", 1962
    • "Day Million", 1966
    • "Happy Birthday, Dear Jesus", 1956
    • "We Never Mention Aunt Nora", 1958
    • "Father of the Stars", 1964
    • "The Day the Martians Came", 1967
    • "The Midas Plague", 1954
    • "The Snowmen", 1959
    • "How to Count on Your Fingers", 1956
    • "Grandy Devil", 1955
    • "Speed Trap", 1967
    • "The Richest Man in Levittown", 1959 (apărută inițial cu titlul "The Bitterest Pill")
    • "The Day the Icicle Works Closed", 1959
    • "The Hated", 1961
    • "The Martian in the Attic", 1960
    • "The Census Takers", 1955
    • "The Children of Night", 1964
    • Afterword: "What the Author Has to Say About All This"
  • In The Problem Pit (1976)
    • "Introduction: Science-Fiction Games", 1974
    • "In the Problem Pit", 1973
    • "Let the Ants Try", 1949
    • "To See Another Mountain", 1959
    • "The Deadly Mission of Phineas Snodgrass", 1962 (cunoscută și ca The Time Machine of Phineas Snodgrass)
    • "Golden Ages Gone Away", 1972
    • "Rafferty's Reasons", 1955
    • "I Remember a Winter", 1972
    • "The Schematic Man", 1968
    • "What to Do Until the Analyst Comes", 1955 (cunoscută și ca Everybody's Happy But Me!)
    • "Some Joys Under the Star", 1973
    • "The Man Who Ate the World", 1956
    • "SF: The Game-Playing Literature", 1971 (cunoscută și ca The Game-Playing Literature)
  • The Early Pohl (1976):
    • "Elegy for a Dead Planet: Luna", 1937 (ca Elton Andrews) [prima poezie publicată de el]
    • "The Dweller in the Ice", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "The King's Eye", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "It's a Young World", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "Daughters of Eternity", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "Earth, Farewell!", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "Conspiracy on Callisto", 1943 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "Highwayman of the Void", 1943 (scrisă sub numele lui Dirk Wylie)
    • "Double-Cross", 1943 (ca James MacCreigh)
  • Critical Mass (1977) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
    • "Introduction" (Pohl)
    • "The Quaker Cannon", 1961
    • "Mute Inglorious Tam", 1974
    • "The World of Myrion Flowers", 1961
    • "The Gift of Garigolli", 1974
    • "A Gentle Dying", 1961
    • "A Hint of Henbane", 1961
    • "The Meeting", 1972
    • "The Engineer", 1956
    • "Nightmare with Zeppelins", 1958
    • "Critical Mass", 1962
    • "Afterword" (Pohl)
  • Survival Kit (1979) (prescurtare a ediției The Frederik Pohl Omnibus, 1966)
    • "The Seven Deadly Virtues", 1958
    • "The Knights of Arthur", 1958
    • "Mars by Moonlight", 1958
    • "The Haunted Corpse", 1957
    • "The Middle of Nowhere", 1955
    • "The Day of the Boomer Dukes", 1956
    • "Survival Kit", 1957
    • "I Plinglot, Who You?", 1959
  • Before the Universe (1980) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
    • "Mars-Tube", 1941
    • "Trouble in Time", 1940
    • "Vacant World", 1940
    • "Best Friend", 1941
    • "Nova Midplane", 1940
    • "The Extrapolated Dimwit", 1942
  • Planets Three, 1982 (culegere de trei nuvele scrise sub pseudonimul James MacCreigh):
    • "Figurehead", 1951 (apărută inițila ca "The Genius Beasts" de MacCreigh)
    • "Red Moon of Danger", 1951 (apărută inițila ca "Danger Moon" de MacCreigh)
    • "Donovan Had a Dream", 1947
  • Midas World (1983)
    • "The Fire-Bringer" (originală)
    • "The Midas Plague", 1954
    • "Servant of the People", 1983
    • "The Man Who Ate the World", 1956
    • "Farmer on the Dole", 1982
    • "The Lord of the Skies", 1983
    • "The New Neighbors", 1983
  • Pohlstars (1984) [edițiile ulterioare de la Gollancz au omis ultima povestire]
    • "The Sweet, Sad Queen of the Grazing Isles" [originală]
    • "The High Test", 1983
    • "Spending a Day at the Lottery Fair", 1983
    • "Second Coming", 1983
    • "Enjoy, Enjoy", 1974
    • "Growing Up in Edge City", 1975
    • "We Purchased People", 1974
    • "Rem the Rememberer", 1974
    • "The Mother Trip", 1975
    • "A Day in the Life of Able Charlie", 1976
    • "The Way It Was", 1977
    • "The Wizard-Masters of Peng-Shi Angle (né The Wizards of Pung's Corners)", povestire originală din 1958, rescrisă în 1984.
  • BiPohl (1987) [ediție omnibus de 2 romane]
    • Drunkard's Walk
    • Age of the Pussyfoot
  • Our Best: The Best of Frederik Pohl and C.M. Kornbluth (1987) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
    • "Introduction" (Pohl)
    • "The Stories of the Sixties" (Pohl)
    • "Critical Mass", 1962
    • "The World of Myrion Flowers", 1961
    • "The Engineer", 1956
    • "A Gentle Dying", 1961
    • "Nightmare with Zeppelins", 1958
    • "The Quaker Cannon", 1961
    • "The 60/40 Stories" (Pohl)
    • "Trouble in Time", 1940 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "Mars-Tube", Astonishing Stories septembrie ’41 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "Epilogue to The Space Merchants" (Pohl)
    • "Gravy Planet" (fragment din varianta serializată, care nu apare în carte)
    • "The Final Stories" (Pohl)
    • "Mute Inglorious Tam", 1974
    • "The Gift of Garigolli", 1974
    • "The Meeting", 1972
    • "Afterword" (Pohl)
  • Platinum Pohl (2005)
    • "Introduction" (de James Frenkel)
    • "The Merchants of Venus", 1972 (în seria Heechee)
    • "The Things That Happen", 1985
    • "The High Test", 1983
    • "My Lady Green Sleeves", 1957
    • "The Kindly Isle", 1984
    • "The Middle of Nowhere", 1955
    • "I Remember a Winter", 1972
    • "The Greening of Bed-Stuy", 1984
    • "To See Another Mountain", 1959
    • "The Mapmakers", 1955
    • "Spending a Day at the Lottery Fair", 1983
    • "The Celebrated No-Hit Inning", 1956
    • "Some Joys Under the Star", 1973
    • "Servant of the People", 1983
    • "Waiting for the Olympians", 1988
    • "Criticality", 1984
    • "Shaffery Among the Immortals", 1972
    • "The Day the Icicle Works Closed", 1960
    • "Saucery", 1986
    • "The Gold at the Starbow’s End", 1972
    • "Growing Up in Edge City", 1975
    • "The Knights of Arthur", 1958
    • "Creation Myths of the Recently Extinct", 1994
    • "The Meeting", 1972 (cu C. M. Kornbluth)
    • "Let the Ants Try", 1949
    • "Speed Trap", 1967
    • "The Day the Martians Came [“The Day After the Day the Martians Came”]", 1967
    • "Day Million", 1966
    • "The Mayor of Mare Tranq", 1996
    • "Fermi and Frost", 1985
    • "Afterword: Fifty Years and Counting"

Non-ficțiuneModificare

  • Tiberius (1960) (scris sub pseudonimul Ernst Mason)
  • Practical Politics 1972 (1971)
  • Science Fiction Studies in Film (1980) (cu Frederik Pohl IV)
  • Our Angry Earth (1991) (cu Isaac Asimov)
  • Chasing Science: Science as Spectator Sport (2000)

AutobiografieModificare

  • The Way the Future Was (1978)

Opere despre PohlModificare

NoteModificare

  1. ^ Votul premiului Hugo 2010, până pe 31 iulie 2010
  2. ^ a b „1977 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. Accesat în .  Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; numele "WWE-1977" este definit de mai multe ori cu conținut diferit
  3. ^ „Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1978 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. Accesat în . 
  4. ^ a b „Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1985 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. Accesat în .  Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; numele "WWE-1985" este definit de mai multe ori cu conținut diferit
  5. ^ „Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 2005 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. Accesat în . 
  6. ^ „Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1976 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. Accesat în . 
  7. ^ a b c d Traducerea titlului în limba română se bazează pe biografia lui Frederik Pohl realizată de Alexandru Mironov și Mihai Bădescu în antologia Povestiri ciberrobotice, Editura Științifică și Enciclopedică, 1986, pagina 118-119
  8. ^ „Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1979 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. Accesat în . 
  9. ^ „Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1980 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. Accesat în . 
  10. ^ Table of contents for Gateways, "More About Gateways"