Stephen Hales

Stephen Hales
Hales Stephen.jpg
Stephen Hales
Date personale
Născut[1][3][4][5] Modificați la Wikidata
Bekesbourne⁠(d), Bekesbourne-with-Patrixbourne⁠(d), Anglia, Regatul Unit Modificați la Wikidata
Decedat (83 de ani)[6][1][3][7] Modificați la Wikidata
Richmond upon Thames, Anglia, Regatul Unit Modificați la Wikidata
Înmormântat St Mary with St Alban[*][[St Mary with St Alban (church in Teddington, London)|​]] Modificați la Wikidata
CetățenieFlag of Great Britain (1707–1800).svg Regatul Marii Britanii
Flag of Sweden.svg Suedia Modificați la Wikidata
Ocupațiebotanist[*]
fizician
chimist
fiziolog[*]
inventator Modificați la Wikidata
Activitate
RezidențăMarea Britanie  Modificați la Wikidata
Domeniufiziologie  Modificați la Wikidata
Alma Mater Corpus Christi College[*][[Corpus Christi College (college of the University of Cambridge)|​]]  Modificați la Wikidata
OrganizațiiSocietatea Regală din Londra
Academia Franceză de Științe  Modificați la Wikidata
PremiiMembru al Societății Regale[*]
Medalia Copley ()[2]  Modificați la Wikidata

Stephen Hales (n. ,[1][3][4][5] Bekesbourne⁠(d), Bekesbourne-with-Patrixbourne⁠(d), Anglia, Regatul Unit – d. ,[6][1][3][7] Richmond upon Thames, Anglia, Regatul Unit) a fost un preot, medic, chimist și inventator englez.

NoteModificare

  1. ^ a b c d Stephen Hales, SNAC, accesat în  
  2. ^ Award winners : Copley Medal (în engleză), Societatea Regală din Londra, accesat în  
  3. ^ a b c d Stephen Hales, Brockhaus Enzyklopädie, accesat în  
  4. ^ a b Stephen Hales, Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana 
  5. ^ a b Stephen Hales, Croatian Encyclopedia[*][[Croatian Encyclopedia (Croatian national encyclopedia)|​]] 
  6. ^ a b Autoritatea BnF, accesat în  
  7. ^ a b Stephen Hales, Store norske leksikon 

BibliografieModificare

  • Hales, Stephen (1727) Vegetable Staticks, London: W. and J. Innys — from the Missouri Botanical Garden's library
  • Hales, Stephen (1738). "Philosophical experiments: containing useful, and necessary instructions for such as undertake long voyages at sea. Shewing how sea-water may be made fresh and wholsome: and how fresh water may be preserv'd sweet. How biscuit, corn, &c. may be secured from the weevel, meggots, and other insects. And flesh preserv'd in hot climates, by salting animals whole. To which is added, an account of several experiments and observations on chalybeate or steel-waters ... which were read before the Royal-society, at several of their meetings", London: W. Innys and R. Manby
  • Parascandola, John; Ihde, Aaron J. (). „History of the Pneumatic Trough”. Isis. 60 (3): 351–361. doi:10.1086/350503. 
  • Stephen Hales at the Galileo Project — details on Hales's life and work
  • For a calendar of manuscript correspondence and writing of Stephen Hales see: D.G.C. Allan and R.E. Schofield, Stephen Hales. Scientist and philanthropist (London: Scolar Press, 1980), p. 178, and for his published writing see ibid p. 191
  • For Hales’s work as parish priest of Teddington see: David G.C. Allan, Science, Philanthropy and Religion in 18th century Teddington: Stephen Hales DD, FRS, (1677–1761) (Twickenham: Borough of Twickenham Local History Society, 2004). This work contains reconstructions of the enlargement of St Mary’s Church, Hale’s copyhold parsonage house and a map of his drainage scheme (Map by Ken Howe).
  • For a general assessment see: David G.C. Allan, Hales, Stephen (1677–1761) in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  • For the 2009 celebration of his life and work see The William Shipley Group for RSA History Newsletter no. 22 (Nov 2009)
  • For Hales’s association with the Society of Arts see David G.C. Allan, ‘Founder of the Society of Arts’ group article in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online supplement, 2008)
  •   Hales, Stephen”. Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . 
  •   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (). „Hales, Stephen”. Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (ed. 11). Cambridge University Press. 

Legături externeModificare

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