Garrett Birkhoff

matematician american
Garrett Birkhoff
Garrett Birkhoff.jpeg
Date personale
Născut[7][8][9] Modificați la Wikidata
Princeton, New Jersey, New Jersey, SUA Modificați la Wikidata
Decedat (85 de ani)[7][8][10] Modificați la Wikidata
Water Mill⁠(d), Suffolk, New York, SUA Modificați la Wikidata
Înmormântat Water Mill Cemetery[*][[Water Mill Cemetery (cemetery at Water Mill, Suffolk county, NY, USA)|​]][11] Modificați la Wikidata
PărințiGeorge David Birkhoff Modificați la Wikidata
Frați și surori Barbara Birkhoff[*][[Barbara Birkhoff (American writer and photographer)|​]] Modificați la Wikidata
CetățenieFlag of the United States.svg SUA Modificați la Wikidata
Ocupațiematematician
profesor universitar[*] Modificați la Wikidata
Activitate
Domeniualgebră
lattice[*][[lattice (partially ordered set that admits greatest lower and least upper bounds)|​]]  Modificați la Wikidata
Număr Erdős2[1]  Modificați la Wikidata
InstituțieUniversitatea Harvard[2][3]  Modificați la Wikidata
Alma MaterUniversitatea Harvard[2][3]
Universitatea Princeton
Buckingham Browne & Nichols School[*][[Buckingham Browne & Nichols School (Independent, coeducational day school in Cambridge, Massachusetts)|​]][3]
Universitatea Cambridge[3]  Modificați la Wikidata
OrganizațiiAcademia Națională de Științe a Statelor Unite ale Americii[*]
Academia Americană de Arte și Științe[*]
American Philosophical Society[*][[American Philosophical Society (United States scholarly organization that promotes knowledge in the sciences and humanities)|​]]  Modificați la Wikidata
Conducător de doctorat Philip Hall[*][[Philip Hall (matematician britanic)|​]]  Modificați la Wikidata
Doctoranzi Frank Moore Stewart[*][[Frank Moore Stewart (matematician american)|​]]
George Mostow[*]
R. Tyrrell Rockafellar[*][[R. Tyrrell Rockafellar (matematician american)|​]]
Richard Friederich Arens[*][[Richard Friederich Arens (matematician american)|​]][4]
Martin Harvey Schultz[*][[Martin Harvey Schultz (Ph.D. Harvard University 1965)|​]][4]
Donald James Rose[*][[Donald James Rose (Ph.D. Harvard University 1970)|​]][4]
Chandler Davis[*][[Chandler Davis (Canadian mathematician and writer)|​]][4]
Henry C. Wente[*][[Henry C. Wente (matematician american)|​]][4]
Lawrence Markus[*][[Lawrence Markus (matematician american)|​]][4]
Robert Emmett Lynch[*][[Robert Emmett Lynch (Ph.D. Harvard University 1963)|​]][4]
George Markowsky[*][[George Markowsky (Professor of Computer Science, University of Maine, Orono, Maine. Author of A Comprehensive Guide to the IBM PC and others.)|​]][4]
Thomas Wilson Mullikin[*][[Thomas Wilson Mullikin (Ph.D. Harvard University 1958)|​]][4]
Thomas Caywood[*][[Thomas Caywood |​]][4]
Emmett Keeler[*][[Emmett Keeler (matematician american)|​]][4]
Uta Caecilia Merzbach[*][[Uta Caecilia Merzbach (historian of mathematics for the National Museum of Natural History)|​]][4]
Pesi Rustom Masani[*][[Pesi Rustom Masani (Ph.D. Harvard University 1946)|​]][4]
Calvin Hayden Wilcox[*][[Calvin Hayden Wilcox (Ph.D. Harvard University 1955)|​]][4]
Gerald Arthur Edgar[*][[Gerald Arthur Edgar (Ph.D. Harvard University 1973)|​]][4]
Walter Fuller Taylor[*][[Walter Fuller Taylor (Ph.D. Harvard University 1968)|​]][4]
Choy-Tak Taam[*][[Choy-Tak Taam (Ph.D. Harvard University 1945)|​]][4]
John Dyer-Bennet[*][[John Dyer-Bennet (Ph.D. Harvard University 1940)|​]][4]
Murray Mannos[*][[Murray Mannos (Ph.D. Harvard University 1942)|​]][4]
Jeremiah Chappelle Certaine[*][[Jeremiah Chappelle Certaine (Ph.D. Harvard University 1945)|​]][4]
Marian Henrietta Heineman[*][[Marian Henrietta Heineman (Ph.D. Harvard University 1948)|​]][4]
J. Bruce (James) Crabtree[*][[J. Bruce (James) Crabtree (Ph.D. Harvard University 1950)|​]][4]
John Joseph Sopka[*][[John Joseph Sopka (Ph.D. Harvard University 1950)|​]][4]
William Augustus Pierce[*][[William Augustus Pierce (Ph.D. Harvard University 1951)|​]][4]
Martin Aaron Abkowitz[*][[Martin Aaron Abkowitz (Ph.D. Harvard University 1953)|​]][4]
Samuel George Kneale[*][[Samuel George Kneale (Ph.D. Harvard University 1953)|​]][4]
James Lucien Howland[*][[James Lucien Howland (Ph.D. Harvard University 1955)|​]][4]
Martin Albert Leibowitz[*][[Martin Albert Leibowitz (Ph.D. Harvard University 1961)|​]][4]
John Henry Bennett[*][[John Henry Bennett (Ph.D. Harvard University 1962)|​]][4]
Thomas Andrew Brown[*][[Thomas Andrew Brown (Ph.D. Harvard University 1962)|​]][4]
Jose Maria Canosa-Martinez[*][[Jose Maria Canosa-Martinez (Ph.D. Harvard University 1965)|​]][4]
Ibrahim Khalil Abu-Shumays[*][[Ibrahim Khalil Abu-Shumays (Ph.D. Harvard University 1966)|​]][4]
Kirby Alan Baker[*][[Kirby Alan Baker (Ph.D. Harvard University 1966)|​]][4]
Sudarshan-Rai Nagpaul[*][[Sudarshan-Rai Nagpaul (Ph.D. Harvard University 1967)|​]][4]
Bernie Lee Hulme[*][[Bernie Lee Hulme (Ph.D. Harvard University 1969)|​]][4]
John David Lipson[*][[John David Lipson (Ph.D. Harvard University 1970)|​]][4]
Vern S. Poythress[*][[Vern S. Poythress (Ph.D. Harvard University 1970)|​]][4]
Gary Ira Wakoff[*][[Gary Ira Wakoff (Ph.D. Harvard University 1970)|​]][4]
Richard Henry Goodman[*][[Richard Henry Goodman (Ph.D. Harvard University 1971)|​]][4]
Arthur Stewart Priver[*][[Arthur Stewart Priver (Ph.D. Harvard University 1971)|​]][4]
Alan Gaisford Waterman[*][[Alan Gaisford Waterman (Ph.D. Harvard University 1971)|​]][4]
Vassilios A. Dougalis[*][[Vassilios A. Dougalis (Ph.D. Harvard University 1976)|​]][4]
Barbara Gloria Epstein[*][[Barbara Gloria Epstein (Ph.D. Harvard University 1978)|​]][4]  Modificați la Wikidata
Cunoscut pentru A Survey of Modern Algebra[*][[A Survey of Modern Algebra |​]]
Birkhoff algorithm[*][[Birkhoff algorithm |​]]
Birkhoff polytope[*][[Birkhoff polytope |​]]
Birkhoff's representation theorem[*][[Birkhoff's representation theorem (equivalence of distributive lattices and set families)|​]]
Poincaré–Birkhoff–Witt theorem[*][[Poincaré–Birkhoff–Witt theorem (explicitly describes the universal enveloping algebra of a Lie algebra)|​]]
Pierce–Birkhoff conjecture[*][[Pierce–Birkhoff conjecture |​]]  Modificați la Wikidata
PremiiBursă Guggenheim[*] ()[5]
George David Birkhoff Prize[*][[George David Birkhoff Prize (award)|​]] ()
doctorado honoris causa por la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México[*][[doctorado honoris causa por la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (award)|​]] ()[6]
Paul R. Halmos - Lester R. Ford Awards[*][[Paul R. Halmos - Lester R. Ford Awards (mathematics prize given by the MAA)|​]] ()  Modificați la Wikidata

Garrett Birkhoff (n. ,[7][8][9] Princeton, New Jersey, New Jersey, SUA – d. ,[7][8][10] Water Mill⁠(d), Suffolk, New York, SUA) a fost un matematician american, cunoscut în special pentru contribuțiile sale în domeniul teoriei laticelor.

A fost fiul matematicianului George David Birkhoff.

ContribuțiiModificare

Contribuțiile sale au vizat cu precădere: teoria spațiilor liniare semiordonate, teoria cuantelor, construirea formelor de derivare numerică a fracțiilor cu două și mai multe variabile, aceste formule servind la integrarea numerică a ecuațiilor diferențiale sau a ecuațiilor cu derivate parțiale.

După 1950, s-a ocupat cu studiul mișcării fluidelor.

ScrieriModificare

  • Some Unsolved Problems of Theoretical Dynamics (1941).

Birkhoff citează lucrările lui Grigore Moisil. Scrierile lui Birkhoff au fost studiate de matematicienii români Mihail Benado (1954) și Dragoș Vaida (1962).

NoteModificare

  1. ^ MathSciNet, accesat în  
  2. ^ a b https://www.nytimes.com/1996/11/28/us/garrett-birkhoff-85-mathematics-theorist-dies.html  Lipsește sau este vid: |title= (ajutor)
  3. ^ a b c d MacTutor History of Mathematics archive 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Genealogia matematicienilor 
  5. ^ https://www.gf.org/fellows/all-fellows/garrett-birkhoff/  Lipsește sau este vid: |title= (ajutor)
  6. ^ https://history.computer.org/pioneers/birkhoff.html  Lipsește sau este vid: |title= (ajutor)
  7. ^ a b c d Autoritatea BnF, accesat în  
  8. ^ a b c d Garrett Birkhoff, SNAC, accesat în  
  9. ^ a b Czech National Authority Database, accesat în  
  10. ^ a b Garrett Birkhoff, Muzeul Solomon R. Guggenheim, accesat în  
  11. ^ Find a Grave