Lista țărilor după punctul de maximă altitudine

articol-listă în cadrul unui proiect Wikimedia
Harta lumii colorată in funcție de altitudinea maximă a fiecarei țări

Acesta este un top al statelor suverane și al teritoriilor dependente după cele mai înalte puncte în raport cu nivelul mării.

State suverane pe deplin recunoscuteModificare

Poz.
Țara
Punctul de maximă altitudine
Înălțime
Obs.
1   Nepal Everest 8.848 m (29.029 ft)[1]
1   China Everest 8.848 m (29.029 ft)
3   Pakistan[2] K2 8.611 m (28.251 ft)
4   India[2] Kangchenjunga 8.586 m (28.169 ft)
5   Bhutan Gangkhar Puensum[3] 7.570 m (24.836 ft)
6   Tadjikistan Ismoil Somoni Peak 7.495 m (24.590 ft)
7   Afganistan Noshaq 7.492 m (24.580 ft)
8   Kârgâzstan Jengish Chokusu 7.439 m (24.406 ft)
9   Kazahstan Khan Tengri 7.010 m (22.999 ft)[4]
10   Argentina Aconcagua 6.960 m (22.835 ft)
11   Chile Ojos del Salado 6.893 m (22.615 ft)
12   Peru Huascarán 6.768 m (22.205 ft)[1]
13   Bolivia Nevado Sajama 6.542 m (21.463 ft)
14   Ecuador Muntele Chimborazo[5] 6.267 m (20.561 ft)[1]
15   Statele Unite Muntele McKinley 6.194 m (20.322 ft)
16   Canada Muntele Logan 5.959 m (19.551 ft)
17   Tanzania Kilimanjaro 5.892 m (19.331 ft)
18   Myanmar Hkakabo Razi 5.881 m (19.295 ft)
19   Columbia Pico Cristóbal Colón sau Pico Simón Bolívar ambele c. 5.700 m (18.701 ft)[1]
20   Rusia Elbrus 5.642 m (18.510 ft)
21   Mexic Pico de Orizaba 5.636 m (18.491 ft)[1]
22   Iran Damavand 5.610 m (18.406 ft)[1]
23   Kenya Batian on Mount Kenya 5.199 m (17.057 ft)
24   Georgia Mt'a Shkhara 5.193 m (17.037 ft)
25   Turcia Ararat 5.137 m (16.854 ft)[1]
26   Republica Democrată Congo Vârful Margherita de pe Muntele Stanley 5.110 m (16.765 ft)
26   Uganda Vârful Margherita de pe Muntele Stanley 5.110 m (16.765 ft)
28   Venezuela Pico Bolívar (La Columna) 4.981 m (16.342 ft)[1]
29   Indonezia Mount Carstensz (Puncak Jaya) 4.884 m (16.024 ft)[1]
30   Franța[6] (Metropolitan France) Mont Blanc 4.810 m (15.781 ft)
30   Italia[6] Monte Bianco 4.810 m (15.781 ft)
32   Uzbekistan Khazret Sultan[7] 4.643 m (15.233 ft)
33   Elveția Dufourspitze de pe Monte Rosa 4.634 m (15.203 ft)
34   Etiopia Ras Dejen 4.550 m (14.928 ft)[1]
35   Rwanda Mount Karisimbi 4.519 m (14.826 ft)
36   Papua Noua Guinee Mount Wilhelm 4.509 m (14.793 ft)
37   Azerbaidjan Bazarduzu Dagi 4.485 m (14.715 ft)
38   Mongolia Khüiten Peak (Huyten Orgil) 4.374 m (14.350 ft)
39   Guatemala Volcán Tajumulco 4.220 m (13.845 ft)
40   Maroc Jbel Toubkal 4.165 m (13.665 ft)
41   Malaezia Gunung Kinabalu 4.095 m (13.435 ft)
42   Armenia Mount Aragats 4.090 m (13.419 ft)
44   Camerun Fako de pe Muntele Camerun 4.040 m (13.255 ft)[1]
48   Costa Rica Cerro Chirripó 3.820 m (12.533 ft)
49   Austria Großglockner 3.798 m (12.461 ft)
50   Japonia Fuji 3.776 m (12.388 ft)
51   Noua Zeelandă Aoraki sau Mount Cook 3.754 m (12.316 ft)
52   Spania[8] Teide de pe insula Tenerife din Insulele Canare 3.718 m (12.198 ft)
54   Yemen Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3.666 m (12.028 ft)[1]
55   Irak Cheekha Dar 3.611 m (11.847 ft)
56   Lesotho Thabana Ntlenyana 3.482 m (11.424 ft)
57   Panama Volcán Barú 3.475 m (11.401 ft)
58   Africa de Sud Mafadi 3.450 m (11.319 ft)
59   Ciad Emi Koussi 3.445 m (11.302 ft)[1]
60   Sudan Kinyeti 3.187 m (10.456 ft)
61   Vietnam Fan Si Pan 3.143 m (10.312 ft)
62   Turkmenistan Gora Ayrybaba 3.139 m (10.299 ft)
63   Republica Dominicană Pico Duarte 3.098 m (10.164 ft)[1]
64   Liban Qurnat as Sawda' 3.088 m (10.131 ft)
66   Eritrea Emba Soira 3.018 m (9.902 ft)
67   Guineea Ecuatorială Pico Basile 3.008 m (9.869 ft)
68   Algeria Mount Tahat 3.003 m (9.852 ft)
69   Malawi Sapitwa (Mulanje Massif) 3.002 m (9.849 ft)
70   Arabia Saudită incert (posibil Jabal Sawda)[9] c. 3.000 m (9.843 ft)
71   Brazilia Pico da Neblina 2.994 m (9.823 ft)[1]
72   Oman Jabal Shams 2.980 m (9.777 ft)
73   Timorul de Est Pico do Ramelau (Mount Ramelau) 2.963 m (9.721 ft)
74   Germania Zugspitze 2.962 m (9.718 ft)
75   Filipine Muntele Apo 2.954 m (9.692 ft)
76   Andorra Coma Pedrosa 2.942 m (9.652 ft)
78   Bulgaria Musala 2.925 m (9.596 ft)
79   Grecia Muntele Olimp 2.919 m (9.577 ft)
80   Madagascar Maromokotro 2.876 m (9.436 ft)
81   Honduras Cerro Las Minas 2.870 m (9.416 ft)
82   Slovenia Triglav 2.864 m (9.396 ft)
83   Capul Verde Mount Fogo 2.829 m (9.281 ft)
84   Laos Phou Bia 2.817 m (9.242 ft)
85   Siria Mount Hermon (Jabal el-Sheikh) 2.814 m (9.232 ft)
86   Albania Maja e Korabit 2.764 m (9.068 ft)
87   Macedonia de Nord Golem Korab 2.764 m (9.068 ft)
88   Guyana Mount Roraima c. 2.750 m (9.022 ft)[1]
89   Australia[10] Mawson Peak de pe Insula Heard 2.745 m (9.006 ft)
90   Coreea de Nord Paektu-san 2.744 m (9.003 ft)
91   El Salvador Cerro El Pital 2.730 m (8.957 ft)
92   Burundi south east of Mount Heha 2.684 m (8.806 ft)[1]
93   Haiti Pic la Selle 2.680 m (8.793 ft)
95   Slovacia Gerlachovský štít 2.655 m (8.711 ft)
96   Egipt Mount Catherine 2.629 m (8.625 ft)
97   Angola Morro de Môco 2.620 m (8.596 ft)
98   Namibia Konigstein 2.606 m (8.550 ft)
99   Liechtenstein Grauspitz 2.599 m (8.527 ft)
100   Zimbabwe Mount Nyangani 2.592 m (8.504 ft)
101   Thailanda Doi Inthanon 2.565 m (8.415 ft)
102   România Vârful Moldoveanu 2.544 m (8.346 ft)
103   Muntenegru Zla Kolata [11] 2.534 m (8.314 ft)
104   Sri Lanka Pidurutalagala 2.524 m (8.281 ft)
105   Polonia Rysy 2.499 m (8.199 ft)
106   Norvegia Galdhøpiggen 2.469 m (8.100 ft)
107   Somalia Shimbiris 2.450 m (8.038 ft)[1]
108   Mozambic Monte Binga 2.436 m (7.992 ft)
109   Nigeria Chappal Waddi 2.419 m (7.936 ft)
110   Bosnia și Herțegovina Maglić 2.386 m (7.828 ft)
111   Comore Le Kartala 2.360 m (7.743 ft)
112   Portugalia[12] Vulcanul din Pico de pe insula Pico din insulele Azore 2.351 m (7.713 ft)
113   Insulele Solomon Mount Popomanaseu 2.335 m (7.661 ft)[13]
114   Zambia unnamed location in Mafinga Hills 2.329 m (7.641 ft)
115   Libia Bikku Bitti 2.267 m (7.438 ft)
116   Jamaica Munții Albaștri 2.256 m (7.402 ft)
118   Israel Har Meron sau Mount Hermon (Controlled by Israel but internationally recognized as part of Syria)[14] 1.208 m (3.963 ft) or 2.236 m (7.336 ft)
119   Serbia[15] Midžor or Đeravica 2.169 m (7.116 ft) or 2.656 m (8.714 ft)
120   Islanda Hvannadalshnúkur 2.110 m (6.923 ft)
121   Nicaragua Mogoton 2.107 m (6.913 ft)
122   Suedia Kebnekaise 2.104 m (6.903 ft) [16]
123   Ucraina Hora Hoverla 2.061 m (6.762 ft)
125   Djibouti Mousa Ali 2.028 m (6.654 ft)
126   São Tomé și Príncipe Pico de São Tomé 2.024 m (6.640 ft)
127   Niger Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès 2.022 m (6.634 ft)
128   Cuba Pico Turquino 1.974 m (6.476 ft)
129   Cipru Mount Olympus 1.951 m (6.401 ft)
130   Coreea de Sud Halla-san (in Jeju Island) 1.950 m (6.398 ft)
131   Sierra Leone Mount Bintumani (Loma Mansa) 1.948 m (6.391 ft)
132   Emiratele Arabe Unite Unnamed knoll west of Jabal Bil Ays 1.910 m (6.266 ft)
133   Vanuatu Mount Tabwemasana 1.877 m (6.158 ft)
134   Eswatini Emlembe 1.862 m (6.109 ft)
135   Samoa Mauga Silisili (Savaii) 1.857 m (6.093 ft)
136   Iordania Jabal Umm ad Dami 1.854 m (6.083 ft)
137   Brunei Bukit Pagon 1.850 m (6.070 ft)
138   Croația Dinara 1.831 m (6.007 ft)
139   Cambodgia Phnom Aural 1.810 m (5.938 ft)
140   Coasta de Fildeș Mont Nimba 1.752 m (5.748 ft)
140   Guineea Mont Nimba 1.752 m (5.748 ft)
144   Cehia Sněžka 1.602 m (5.256 ft)
145   Tunisia Jebel ech Chambi 1.544 m (5.066 ft)
146   Botswana Otse Hill 1.491 m (4.892 ft)[17]
148   Dominica Morne Diablotins 1.447 m (4.747 ft)
149   Liberia Mount Wuteve 1.440 m (4.724 ft)[1]
150   Republica Centrafricană Mont Ngaoui 1.420 m (4.659 ft)
152   Regatul Unit Ben Nevis 1.344 m (4.409 ft)
154   Fiji Tomanivi 1.324 m (4.344 ft)
154   Finlanda Halti 1.324 m (4.344 ft)[18]
156   Sfântul Vicențiu și Grenadine Soufrière 1.234 m (4.049 ft)
157   Surinam Juliana Top 1.230 m (4.035 ft)
158   Sfântul Cristofor și Nevis Mount Liamuiga 1.156 m (3.793 ft)
159   Mali Hombori Tondo 1.155 m (3.789 ft)
160   Belize Doyle's Delight 1.124 m (3.688 ft)
161   Gabon Mont Bengoué 1.070 m (3.510 ft)[19]
162   Bangladesh Mowdok Mual 1.052 m (3.451 ft)[20]
163   Irlanda Carrauntoohil 1.038 m (3.406 ft)
164   Tonga unnamed location on Kao Island 1.033 m (3.389 ft)
165   Congo Mont Nabeba 1.020 m (3.346 ft)
167   Ungaria Kékes 1.014 m (3.327 ft)
168   Togo Mont Agou 986 m (3.235 ft)
172   Sfânta Lucia Mount Gimie 950 m (3.117 ft)
173   Trinidad și Tobago El Cerro del Aripo 940 m (3.084 ft)
174   Mauritania Kediet ej Jill 915 m (3.002 ft)
176   Seychelles Morne Seychellois 905 m (2.969 ft)
178   Ghana Mount Afadjato 880 m (2.887 ft)
179   Olanda[21] Mount Scenery (on the Caribbean island of Saba) 877 m (2.877 ft)
181   Paraguay Cerro Peró (Cerro Tres Kandú) 842 m (2.762 ft)
182   Grenada Mount Saint Catherine 840 m (2.756 ft)
183   Mauritius Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire 828 m (2.717 ft)
184   Statele Federate ale Microneziei Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m (2.595 ft)
185   San Marino Monte Titano 755 m (2.477 ft)
186   Burkina Faso Tena Kourou 749 m (2.457 ft)
188   Belgia Signal de Botrange 694 m (2.277 ft)
190   Benin Mont Sokbaro 658 m (2.159 ft)
193   Senegal unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m (1.906 ft)
194   Luxemburg Kneiff 560 m (1.837 ft)
197   Uruguay Cerro Catedral 514 m (1.686 ft)
200   Republica Moldova Dealul Bălănești 430 m (1.411 ft)
203   Antigua și Barbuda Mount Obama 402 m (1.319 ft)
208   Belarus Dzyarzhynskaya Hara 346 m (1.135 ft)
210   Barbados Mount Hillaby 336 m (1.102 ft)
212   Estonia Suur Munamägi 318 m (1.043 ft)
213   Letonia Gaizinkalns 312 m (1.024 ft)
214   Kuweit unnamed location 306 m (1.004 ft)
215   Guinea-Bissau unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country 300 m (984 ft)
216   Lituania Aukštojas Hill 294 m (965 ft)
218   Malta Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (830 ft)
219   Palau Mount Ngerchelchuus 242 m (794 ft)
223   Danemarca Møllehøj 170,86 m (561 ft)[22]
224   Singapore Bukit Timah 164 m (538 ft)
225   Monaco Chemin des Révoires, a pathway located on the slopes of Mont Agel 161 m (528 ft)
227   Bahrein Jabal ad Dukhan 134 m (440 ft)
229   Qatar Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m (338 ft)
230   Kiribati unnamed location on Banaba 81 m (266 ft)
232   Vatican Vatican Hill 75 m (246 ft)
233   Nauru Command Ridge 71 m (233 ft)
236   Bahamas Mount Alvernia on Cat Island 63 m (207 ft)
237   Gambia unnamed location 53 m (174 ft)
241   Insulele Marshall unnamed location on Likiep 10 m (33 ft)
242   Tuvalu unnamed location 5 m (16 ft)
245   Maldive unnamed location on Villingili Island 2 m (7 ft)

Țări cu suveranitate disputatăModificare

Poz.
Țara
revendicat de către
Punctul de maximă altitudine
Înălțime
Obs.
43   Abhazia   Georgia Dombai-Ulgen 4.046 m (13.274 ft)
46   Taiwan (Taiwan)   China Yushan 3.952 m (12.966 ft)
47   Osetia de Sud   Georgia Mount Khalatsa 3.938 m (12.920 ft)
94   Kosovo[15]   Serbia Đeravica 2.656 m (8.714 ft)
166   Palestina   Israel Tall Asur 1.016 m (3.333 ft)
199   Sahara Occidentală   Maroc unnamed location 463 m (1.519 ft)

Teritorii dependente sau neutreModificare

Această secțiune conține acele țări și teritorii care sunt listate de către ISO 3166-1, dar nu apar în secțiunile de mai sus.

Poz.
Țara sau teritoriul
Țara mamă
Punctul de maximă altitudine
Înălțime
Obs.
45   Antarctica None, territorial claims Masivul Vinson 4.892 m (16.050 ft)
53   Groenlanda Kingdom of Denmark Gunnbjørn 3.700 m (12.139 ft)
65   Réunion Franța de peste mări Piton des Neiges 3.069 m (10.069 ft)
77   Georgia de Sud și Insulele Sandwich de Sud Marea Britanie[23] Mount Paget 2.934 m (9.626 ft)
116   Polinezia Franceză Franța de peste mări Mont Orohena 2.241 m (7.352 ft)
124   Sfânta Elena Marea Britanie Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 2.062 m (6.765 ft)
142 Format:Country data Svalbard Norway Newtontoppen 1.717 m (5.633 ft)
143   Noua Caledonie Franța de peste mări Mont Panie 1.628 m (5.341 ft)
147   Guadelupa Franța de peste mări La Grande Soufrière 1.484 m (4.869 ft)
151   Martinica Franța de peste mări Montagne Pelee 1.397 m (4.583 ft)
153   Puerto Rico United States Cerro de Punta 1.338 m (4.390 ft)
169   Samoa Americană United States Lata Mountain 966 m (3.169 ft)
170   Comunitatea Insulelor Mariane de Nord United States unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m (3.166 ft)
171   Hong Kong Republica Populară Chineză Tai Mo Shan 958 m (3.143 ft)
175   Montserrat Marea Britanie Chances Peak in the Soufriere Hills volcanic complex 915 m (3.002 ft)
177   Insulele Feroe Kingdom of Denmark Slættaratindur 882 m (2.894 ft)
180   Guyana Franceză Franța de peste mări Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m (2.792 ft)
187   Insulele Falkland Marea Britanie Mount Usborne 705 m (2.313 ft) Claimed by Argentina
189   Mayotte Franța de peste mări Benara 660 m (2.165 ft)
191   Insulele Cook New Zealand Te Manga 652 m (2.139 ft)
192   Insula Man British Crown Dependency Snaefell 621 m (2.037 ft)
195   Wallis și Futuna Franța de peste mări Mont Puke 524 m (1.719 ft)
196   Insulele Virgine Britanice Marea Britanie Mount Sage 521 m (1.709 ft)
198   Insulele Virgine Americane United States Crown Mountain 474 m (1.555 ft)
201   Gibraltar Marea Britanie Rock of Gibraltar 426 m (1.398 ft)
202   Saint-Martin Franța de peste mări Pic Paradis 424 m (1.391 ft)
204   Guam United States Mount Lamlam 406 m (1.332 ft)
205   Curaçao Țările de Jos Christoffelberg 375 m (1.230 ft)
206   Insula Crăciunului Australia Murray Hill 361 m (1.184 ft)
207   Insulele Pitcairn Marea Britanie Pawala Valley Ridge 347 m (1.138 ft)
209   Sint Maarten Țările de Jos Sentry Hill 341 m (1.119 ft)
211   Insula Norfolk Australia Mount Bates 319 m (1.047 ft)
217   Saint Barthélemy Franța de peste mări Morne du Vitet 286 m (938 ft)
220   Saint Pierre și Miquelon Franța de peste mări Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m (787 ft)
221   Aruba Țările de Jos Mount Jamanota 188 m (617 ft)
222   Macao Republica Populară Chineză Coloane Alto 172 m (564 ft)
226   Jersey British Crown Dependency Les Platons 143 m (469 ft)
228   Guernsey British Crown Dependency Le Moulin, Sark 114 m (374 ft)
231   Insulele Bermude Marea Britanie Town Hill, Bermuda 76 m (249 ft)
234   Niue New Zealand unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m (223 ft)
235   Anguilla Marea Britanie Crocus Hill, near The Valley 65 m (213 ft)
238   Insulele Turks și Caicos Marea Britanie Blue Hills on the island of Providenciales 49 m (161 ft)
239   Insulele Cayman Marea Britanie The Bluff on the island of Cayman Brac 43 m (141 ft)
240   Teritoriul Britanic din Oceanul Indian Marea Britanie unnamed location on Diego Garcia 15 m (49 ft)
243   Insulele Cocos Australia unnamed location 5 m (16 ft)
243   Tokelau New Zealand unnamed location 5 m (16 ft)

Vezi șiModificare

ReferințeModificare

  • CIA World Factbook 2006 (items marked * have been amended, see [1] for supporting documentation). Both this list and the CIA list may contain further errors. Despite the claim by the CIA that their list was updated in July 2006, none of the errors listed on the talk page have been corrected.
  • World Tops and Bottoms, by Grant Hutchison, 1996, TACit Press, ISBN 0 9522680 4 3, and subsequent research by the same author, in collaboration with field research by Ginge Fullen.
  • Data supplied by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission.
  • Information about specific items on talk page
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Unele autoritați dau alte cifre pentru aceste puncte de maximă altitudine naționale. Pentru mai multe informații, vedeți paginile corspunzatoare.
  2. ^ a b Regiunea Kashmir care se întinde in sudul si vestul vârfului K2 este administrată de către Pakistan; teritoriul din nord si est este administrat de către China. Întreaga zonă a vârfului K2 este revendicata de către India.
  3. ^ Some authorities claim that Gangkhar Puensum is lower than Kula Kangri, and that Kula Kangri is on Bhutan's border
  4. ^ Some authorities give other elevations for these summits. For more information, see the appropriate summit pages.
  5. ^ Mount Chimborazo's summit in Ecuador is generally thought to be the point on the surface farthest from the center of the Earth.
  6. ^ a b Ownership of the Mont Blanc summit is disputed.
  7. ^ Initial Communication of the Republic of Uzbekistan - Geographic Situation and Climate, page 17 Before independence, it was called the Peak of the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party.
  8. ^ The highest point on the Spanish mainland is Mulhacén, 3.479 m (11.414 ft)
  9. ^ Most authorities claim that Jabal Sawda, 3133 m, is the highest point in Saudi Arabia, but SRTM data indicates a lower elevation, with possible higher elevations elsewhere in the country.
  10. ^ The highest point on the Australian mainland is Muntele Kosciuszko, 2.228 m (7.310 ft)
  11. ^ The official Montenegrin claim that Zla Kolata, in the Prokletije range, is higher than Rosni Vrh (Maja Rosit) and Bobotov Kuk, was confirmed by a GPS survey by Ginge Fullen in August 2007.
  12. ^ The highest point on the Portuguese mainland is Torre, in the mountain range named Serra da Estrela, 1.993 m (6.539 ft)
  13. ^ Some authorities claim Makarakomburu, 2447 m, as the highest point, but neither SRTM data nor local topographic mapping support this elevation.
  14. ^ Israel has annexed and administers the Golan Heights territory, which includes part of Mount Hermon, but its territorial claim is not recognized in international law and the area is considered by the international community to be a part of Syria and not Israel.
  15. ^ a b Đeravica is in Kosovo, whose 2008 declaration of independence has been partially recognised but has not achieved full UN recognition.
  16. ^ Dagens Nyheter 27-08-2008
  17. ^ Monalanong Hill is a mountain often considered the highest point of Botswana, with a questioned altitude of 1,494 metres (4,900 feet). This datum comes from the SRTM database just as the 1,491 m for Otse. The error range of these data is significantly higher (approximately 15 m), but a British explorer did a GPS reading on the top of both hills, and his measurement showed Otse slightly higher.
  18. ^ Suomen korkeus onkin 1.324 m (4.344 ft)etriä - The highest point of Finland is on 1.324 m (4.344 ft). The point with 1.328 m (4.357 ft) is on the Norwegian side of the border.
  19. ^ Claims that Mont Iboundji is the highest point and more than 1500 metres high are not supported by SRTM data.
  20. ^ Claims that Keokradong is higher than Mowdok have been disproved by SRTM data, topographic mapping and recent GPS measurements.
  21. ^ The highest point on the Dutch mainland is Vaalserberg, 323 m (1.060 ft)
  22. ^ Yding Skovhøj, the next highest point is 170,77 metri (560,3 ft) high.
  23. ^ The highest point on United Kingdom domestic territory is Ben Nevis, 1.344 m (4.409 ft). The highest point on UK overseas territory is Mount Paget, 2.934 m (9.626 ft), on South Georgia (claimed by Argentina). Antarctic territorial claims, whose precise validity is unclear, are not listed here.